Moses was given the instructions for the breastplate of righteousness. It was to be woven the same way as the ephod. It was to be doubled into a square, a span long and a span wide(a span is the width of an spread hand). It was to have four rows of stones, and each one would be set in gold. Each stone would be engraved with the name of one of the tribes of Israel.
Chains of gold braided cords would be connected to gold rings on the two ends of the breastplate. The other ends would be connected to the shoulder straps of the ephod. They would also be connected by blue cords. This arrangement would make sure that Aaron bore the names of the sons of Israel on the breastplate of judgement over his heart when he went into the holy place. The Urim and the Thummim would be placed in the breastplate over Aaron’s heart. Symbolically, he would bear the judgement of the children of Israel over his heart before the Lord.
The robe of the ephod would be all blue. There would be an opening for his head with a woven binding. The hemwould have pomegranates of blue, purple, and scarlet, with bells of gold between them all around. The bells would sound when Aaron was in the holy place. There would also be a gold plate, engraved like a signet with the words, “Holiness to the Lord.” It would be placed on the front of the turban on Aaron’s forehead.
The tunic would be made of fine linen, and a woven sash would also be part of the uniform of the high priest. Aaron’s sons would also have have tunics with sashes and hats. The sons would be anointed, consecrated, and sanctified by Moses before they would be able to minister to the Lord as priests. They would also wear linen trousers to cover their nakedness. This would cover their iniquity when they come into the presence of the Lord.
This description is such a powerful type and shadow of Jesus’ role as our high priest. Just as the high priest carries the names of the twelve sons of Israel into the presence of God, Jesus represents us before the Father as our Advocate. The Urim and the Thummim were used to determine the will of God in matters of decision. Jesus, being the Son of God, all God Himself, knew and could intimate to man the perfect will of God. He was the Urim and Thummim incarnate. The gold plate on the turban read, “Holiness Unto the Lord.” Jesus is holy, and the only one holy enough to enter into the presence of God. The anointing of the priest is symbolic of the anointing of Christ, which literally means “anointed.” All in all, the high priest is a forerunner and symbol of the ministry of Christ before the Father in Heaven. What a beautiful analogy on earth of what God does in Heaven!