This passage again points out the danger of a simple woman. She lures simple men into her house, claiming to provide them with sweet water and pleasant bread. However, her guests end up dying.
Solomon then discusses the merits of wisdom. A wise son makes his father glad, and a foolish son grieves his mother. Wisdom brings life, while wickedness profits nothing. Slack hands become poor, but diligent hands become rich. The basic premise of the passage is how wisdom and righteousness bring blessings, and wickedness brings lack and violence. The wise receive instruction. The foolish fall in their foolishness. The writer sums things up with this:
Proverbs 10:11–14 (NKJV)
11 The mouth of the righteous is a well of life,
But violence covers the mouth of the wicked.
12 Hatred stirs up strife,
But love covers all sins.
13 Wisdom is found on the lips of him who has understanding,
But a rod is for the back of him who is devoid of understanding.
14 Wise people store up knowledge,
But the mouth of the foolish is near destruction.
The bottom line is that wisdom brings many more positive results, and evil or foolishness brings trouble. Follow the path of wisdom, and be favored and blessed!