Hebrews 10:5–10 (NKJV)
After describing the futility of the sacrifices of bulls and goats and describing the plan and purpose of God for Jesus to fulfill, the author now turns toward the prophetic fulfillment of said plan. In Jesus, the first, incomplete form of sacrifice for sin is replaced by the second, complete eternal sacrifice for sin.
5 Therefore, when He came into the world, He said:
“Sacrifice and offering You did not desire,Hebrews 10:5-7
But a body You have prepared for Me.
6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin
You had no pleasure.
7 Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come—
In the volume of the book it is written of Me—
To do Your will, O God.’ ”
The author quotes a prophecy from Psalm 40:6-8 telling how Jesus would come into the world to fulfill the will of God. He made it clear that offerings and sacrifices were never meant to be the way of forgiveness for mankind. Instead, God intended for Jesus to be the ultimate sacrifice for the sins of men. His body was to be offered according to the divine will of the Father according to the volume of the book of God’s decrees forever.
8 Previously saying, “Sacrifice and offering, burnt offerings, and offerings for sin You did not desire, nor had pleasure in them” (which are offered according to the law), 9 then He said, “Behold, I have come to do Your will, O God.” He takes away the first that He may establish the second. 10 By that will we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.Hebrews 10:8-10
This comparison of burnt offerings and sacrifices to the fulfillment of the will of God completed in the offering of Jesus’ body draws definite, stark lines between the two. God no longer has any pleasure in animal sacrifices. The practice would continue even after Christ, but it had very little efficacy. Jesus’s blood became the only sacrifice needed for forgiveness and redemption. The first was taken away and the second was established forever. We are sanctified by the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. The latter is better than the former. The second is greater than the first. The sacrifice of Jesus is sufficient and complete. Thanks be to God for the blood of Jesus.