Lot was fully aware of his surroundings after the horrible encounter with the men of the city. The angels had saved his life, and now they were instructing him to leave the city and take all of his family with him. They actually set him, his daughters and his wife outside the city and told them to get away. He even told them to not look back!
They asked to go to Zoar instead of the mountains, to which the angels conceded. As soon as they were in Zoar, fire and brimstone rained down on the city. Judgement fell and the righteous–or at least the covenanted–were spared. They lost all their living–housing, flocks, clothing, etc. Lot’s wife disobeyed the instructions of the angels and looked back at Sodom and turned into a pillar of salt.
Another startling wrinkle to this story is how Lot’s daughters, fearing that they would not have husbands, got their father Lot drunk and had sex with them so that they could produce children. What a drastic, desperate attempt to “help God!”
What comes from this account more than anything is the story of judgment and grace. Lot should have never gone to Sodom to begin with. It was full of sin. The resultant life he and his family lived was bumpy–they were kidnapped in a war, they lived among sinful people, they lot everything! But in the midst of this judgement and loss, God provided them a way of escape and simply instructed them not to look back. Lot’s wife was judged for looking back. Then just when it seemed that it could not get worse, Lot’s daughters get him drunk and commit incest with him. Yet even after all this, God did not destroy Lot. However, the nations that would come from Lot’s union with his daughters would be enemies of Israel in later times, the Moabites and the Ammonites.
When God is not in the path, don’t take that path. Walk by faith, not by sight!