Jereboam, the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite, was the officer over all the labor force that built the Millo and repaired the damages to the City of David. When Jereboam was leaving Jerusalem one day, the prophet Ahijah met him wearing a new garment. They were alone in a field. Ahijah tore the garment into twelve pieces and gave Jereboam ten pieces to signify that God would take ten tribes from Solomon’s house, and only leave him one. This was due to Solomon’s idol worship. The one tribe that would remain with Solomon’s house was to fulfill the promise to David that he would have a man on the throne perpetually, and a lamp in Jerusalem. The one condition was that Jereboam walk in the ways of God like David did. Solomon heard about the meeting, and sought to kill Jereboam. Jereboam rose and fled to Egypt, and Shishak, king of Egypt, hosted him until the death of Solomon.
The blessings of God do have conditions. We do not like to say it that way, because it sounds negative and legalistic. However, look at it this way: God promises blessings, protection, and prosperity when we obey His commandments. He promises curses when we do not. He guides our steps into a blessed place when we listen to Him. We walk alone when we do not. It is not so much that God is a cosmic killjoy or a menacing, harsh judge (although He will one day judge the living and the dead), but more so that we have no covering and walk in places of danger when we do not walk with God. It is that simple. God knows where the danger is, and He knows where the blessing is. Why not walk with Him? Solomon forgot this truth, and now is facing the consequences.
The remainder of the section discusses the length of Solomon’s reign (forty years, oddly the same as David), and his burial, and the fact that his son, Rehoboam, reigned in his place.