David begins psalm 109 with a complaint against an enemy that has oppressed him. This enemy lied, hated, and returned to him evil for good. David then asked the Lord to bring judgement on him. He wanted his enemy to die or at least be destitute. He wanted him to have no progeny, and be hounded by enemies. He then turns again to asking God to help him by blessing David and turning everything his enemies do against them. He identifies God as a help to the poor, saving him from those who condemn him.
David then writes psalm 110, announcing and establishing anew the reign of the Lord as the King of all.
1 The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”
2 The Lord shall send the rod of Your strength out of Zion.
Rule in the midst of Your enemies!
3 Your people shall be volunteers
In the day of Your power;
In the beauties of holiness, from the womb of the morning,
You have the dew of Your youth.
4 The Lord has sworn
And will not relent,
“You are a priest forever
According to the order of Melchizedek.”
5 The Lord is at Your right hand;
He shall execute kings in the day of His wrath.
6 He shall judge among the nations,
He shall fill the places with dead bodies,
He shall execute the heads of many countries.
7 He shall drink of the brook by the wayside;
Therefore He shall lift up the head.
You may recognize several familiar Messianic phrases from this psalm. This psalm explains the reign of Christ as Messiah, and His power among the people of the earth.
David’s overall message in these two psalms seems to be one of trust in God in the midst of trouble. When you enemies lie about you and oppress you, trust in the Lord of power and might. While David’s request to God to kill his enemy and leave his family in poverty may seem extreme, one must understand the desperate times in which David lived. He was a warrior king, and in many respects lived in a kill-or-be-killed environment. Therefore, he asked God to kill his enemies. While we may not pray that way today, the principle stills stands: if you are in danger or distress, call upon the Lord. The Messiah reigns forever, and His name is Jesus Christ. Trust in Him and you will live!