David writes this psalm regarding the judgement of the wicked. He calls out the wicked who pretend to be righteous. He declares that the wicked are astray from the moment they are born, and are as poisonous as a serpent, and close their ears like a cobra that cannot be charmed. David then asks God to break their teeth, like the fangs of a young lion. He calls for them to flow away like water, that their arrows be cut in pieces, that they melt like a snail, even dying like a stillborn child. He declares that the righteous shall rejoice at the Lord’s vengeance.
Psalm 58:11 (NKJV)
11 So that men will say,
“Surely there is a reward for the righteous;
Surely He is God who judges in the earth.”
David here does not necessarily have a particular enemy in mind, but David saw many enemies during his life. His pleas to the Lord for judgment may have been for a specific enemy, but that enemy is not named here. In general, those who serve God can rest assured that, even if not immediately, or not even in this life, that the evil will be judged and the righteous will be blessed. God’s eternal plan is that those who serve Him will flourish and those who serve evil will be judged. On which side will you be found in the judgment?