Hebrews 2:10–18 (NKJV)
In this passage, the writer describes Jesus as the Elder Brother of the people of God. He became one with men and women on earth, walking in flesh and blood among them, and then died in their place. This work assured mankind of the ability to truly be sons and daughters of God.
10 For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. 11 For both He who sanctifies and those who are being sanctified are all of one, for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren, 12 saying:
“I will declare Your name to My brethren;
In the midst of the assembly I will sing praise to You.”
13 And again: “I will put My trust in Him.”
And again: “Here am I and the children whom God has given Me.”Hebrews 2:10-13
In this section of the passage, the writer describes the purpose of the Father, who is the Master of all things and Creator of all things. He purposed that the “Captain of their salvation,” Jesus Christ, would be made perfect or complete by suffering for the people. Jesus, the One who sanctifies, and the people, who are being sanctified, become one through the incarnation. Jesus is their Brother, God among men, and is not ashamed to call humanity His brothers and sisters. The writer then offers prophecies from Psalms, 2 Samuel, and Isaiah to demonstrate the Messiah’s identification with the people of God as brothers, naming Himself among the children of God. This identification and connection with the people of God makes Christ the only perfect sacrifice to pay the price of their sins.
14 Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil, 15 and release those who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. 16 For indeed He does not give aid to angels, but He does give aid to the seed of Abraham. 17 Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. 18 For in that He Himself has suffered, being tempted, He is able to aid those who are tempted.Hebrews 2:14-18
Jesus work was accomplished while He was in the flesh. In His physical death, Jesus destroyed the power of death and the one who wielded that power, the devil himself. In so doing, He released humanity from the fear of death. We need not fear death, for we are alive forevermore through Christ and His sacrifice. The bondage has been broken, and men and women of faith are free. Jesus did not come for the angels to be redeemed, but rather for the seed of Abraham, and to all men and women who would believe by extension. He not only was human so that He could be the substitutionary sacrifice, but also so that He could serve as our High Priest, making propitiation for our sins with His own blood. He was the ultimate High Priest, serving perfectly, and bringing the perfect offering, pure blood of a pure sacrifice, unto God on our behalf. Further, He was able to aid us even more completely by the fact that He suffered temptation just as we do. His experience as man made Him even more able to aid us, having walked in our shoes. Jesus our Brother is able to minister to us fully and completely, without void, because He walked among us and felt our pain, endured suffering in our place, and experienced our frailty, only without sin. Jesus our Brother made a perfect way for the children of God to be saved.